Integrated oil spill response actions and environmental effects (GRACE)

Integrated oil spill response actions and environmental effects (GRACE)

Start-up year

Start-up year: 
2016

Closing year

Closing year: 
2019
Funding: 

European Commission's Horizon 2020 programme.

Partners: 

Finnish Environment Institute SYKE (lead), Lamor Corporation Ab and Meritaito Oy, Finland. Aarhus University, Denmark. University of Tartu and Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia. RWTH Aachen University, Germany. University of the Basque Country, Spain. Norwegian University of Science and Technology NTNU and Norut Narvik, Norway. Greenland Oil Spill Response A/S, Greenland. SSPA Sweden AB, Sweden. University of Manitoba, Canada.

The objectives of the project are:

* explore the true environmental impacts and benefits of a suite of marine oil spill response technologies in the cold climate and ice-infested areas in the northern Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea. The response methods considered include mechanical collection in water and below ice, in situ burning, use of chemical dispersants, natural biodegradation and combinations of these;
* assess in particular the impacts on fish, invertebrates (e.g., mussels, crustaceans) and macro algae of naturally and chemically dispersed oil, in situ burning residues and non-collected oil using highly sensitive biomarker methods, and to develop specific methods for the rapid detection of the effects of oil pollution on biota;
* improve the observation and predictions of oil movements in the sea using novel on-line sensors on vessels, fixed structures or gliders, and smart data transfer to operational awareness systems;
* develop a strategic Net Environmental Benefit Analysis tool (sNEBA) for oil spill response strategy decision making in cold climate and ice-infested areas.