Connecting people - towards an industrial cluster. The North Norwegian marine biotechnology industry.

Connecting people - towards an industrial cluster. The North Norwegian marine biotechnology industry.

Institute: 
Norut
Type of publication: 
Report
Year: 
2007
Volume: 
SF-02/2007

The focus of this report is on the process of how 30 companies related to the marine biotechnology industry in North Norway have transformed from being a group of individual companies with limited cooperation, towards an established industrial network.

The report is a qualitative case study, based on document reviews, participation in meetings, and interviews. Important aspects are the role of key actors, push- and pull-factors in the public support system, the researcher community and the industry; how successful the undertaking has been; and future aspects.

While conventional theories on cluster focus on established clusters, this study contributes to the narrower field of

processes towards creating a cluster. The public support system has an important role. It started out as being the energetic initiator and driver of the process, towards encouraging the industry actors to take on more responsibility for establishing a viable network and eventual cluster. Three years after the initiation, there has been a tremendous development towards an industrial cluster. The physical and organisational infrastructures for the companies to continue the development towards a consolidated cluster are well developed, and have contributed to extensive connecting activities among and beyond the marine biotechnology companies.